Uterine Fibroid

What is Uterine Fibroid ?

Fibroids are most commonly seen tumors on the female reproductive system.They are non-cancerous.They grow in the uterus and can develop during a woman's childbearing years.also called leiomyomas (lie-o-my-O-muhs) or myomas

What are its Types?

Depending upon the location

Intramural Fibroids - grow within the muscular uterine wall.

Submucosal Fibroids - Bulge (round lump) into the uterine cavity.

Subserosal Fibroids - Project to the outside of the uterus

Is it Serious?

Many women don’t even know that they have fibroid on their uterus and even if they do very few require the surgery depending upon the size and the location of the fibroid.They aren't associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.

They are not visible to the eyes and can have sizes from seedlings to bulky masses which change the size of the uterus.

In which age such Disease can Happen?

They are Produced during the middle and later reproductive years.

They are not visible to the eyes and can have sizes from seedlings to bulky masses which change the size of the uterus.

How to find if you have one?

There are no symptoms as such but you may feel

  • Lower Back Pain
  • Pain During Sex
  • Frequent Urination
  • Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

When patient visits us for pelvic exam (visual and physical examination of woman’s reproductive organs) or prenatal ultrasound (echoes are recorded and transformed into video or photographic images of your baby) we see if they have fibroids.

What may cause it?

Genetic changes


Heredity - If your mother or sister had fibroids, you're at increased risk of developing them.

It is developed from the stem cell in the smooth muscular tissue of the uterus (myometrium). A single cell divides repeatedly, eventually creating a firm, rubbery mass distinct from nearby tissue.

What are the Treatments

Abdominal Myomectomy - Fibroids are removed. There are 3 ways to do it

Hysteroscopic Myomectomy

Resectoscope is inserted through the vagiana and cervix. Electrical energy is used to cut the tissue.

A Laparoscopic Myomectomy

Small incision is made near navel. Using a laproscope, fibroid is removed.Faster recovery is expected in this case.

A Laparotomic Myomectomy

Invasive surgery is performed on the patient and is expected to stay in hospital more in this case.


The Removal of the Uterus. But Hysterectomy is major surgery. You can not have child after this surgery.

MRI Guided Focused ultra sound surgery

This requires no incision and is done on an outpatient basis.

Uterine Artery Embolization.

Small Particles are injected into the arteries supplying the uterus, cutting off blood flow to fibroids, causing them to shrink and die.

Laparoscopic or Robotic Myomectomy

Surgeon removes the fibroids, leaving the uterus in place. If the fibroids are few in number, you may opt for a laparoscopi procedure.

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