What are Gallstones?
Gallbladder is pear-shaped sack that stores bile produced by liver. Bile is necessary fluid for digesting food.
Gallstones are stone-like formations accumulated in gallbladder due to its malfunctioning. Gallstones can be as small as a grain of rice or as big as a golf ball.
What is Gallstone Surgery?
Gallstone surgery is surgical removal gallbladder or gallstones formed in gallbladder with the help of Laparoscope. Surgical removal of gallbladder is also known as a cholecystectomy.
What are Symptoms of Gallstone?
When Gallstones remain in the gallbladder they cause no symptoms. But when any of the gallstones clogs the bile duct it results in severe pain felt in upper right abdomen or back. Such pain may be infrequent but lasts for several hours.
Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, indigestion, heartburn, gas, etc.If untreated gallstones can cause infections to Liver,Pancreases.
How Gallstone Surgery is done?
Surgery starts with giving patient general anesthesia which makes him completely unconscious during the surgery.
Four Incisions of 5-10 mm diameter are made in the abdominal wall.
Through these incisions a special tube viz. cannula is inserted. Through cannula, Carbon Dioxide is pumped into abdomen causing it to inflate. This inflated abdomen helps the surgeon to locate gallbladder and gives space to perform surgery.
The surgeon reaches gallbladder with the real-time images transmitted by Laparoscope and cuts the gallbladder and takes it out from one of the incisions. Or in less severe cases just stones are taken away from gallbladder.Finally, incisions are cleaned, closed and dressed.
How longer does one need to stay in the hospital after Gallstone surgery?
This laparoscopic surgery requires very short hospital stay which may extend to 1-2 days.
Full recovery from surgery takes about four to six weeks.
Are there any side effects of Gallstone Surgery?
This surgery has absolutely no side effects.
Your digestion system can function healthily without gallbladder. Only the bile from liver directly gets carried to small intestine via the bile duct.
In some cases, removal of gallbladder may cause temporary diarrhea.In gist, you can live a normal and healthy life after removal of gallbladder